Engagement Rings – Basic Guide To Colored Gemstones

Published May 13, 2022


They come in all colors of the rainbow.

From greens, pinks, yellows, browns, purples, reds, oranges, turquoise and blues – colored gemstones are available in sumptuous variations of color.

Diamonds come in a variety of colors too, although natural, non-heat treated, ‘fancy’ color diamonds usually have pale coloration. Red, green, purple and orange fancy color diamonds are the rarest, followed by pink and blue. Yellows and brown are the most common colors, and they are generally less valuable. Black and grey diamonds are also considered fancy colors.


Sapphires, rubies, (non-white diamonds) and emeralds are the four ‘precious’ colored gemstones. Of these, emeralds and rubies tend to have more inclusions and flaws than diamonds or other gemstones, but many of these are considered acceptable and do not greatly affect their price.

Gemstones are graded for clarity based on how clear they are of inclusions.

These are:

  • Inclusion Free. Not seen under 10x magnification, but still some minuscule flaws, as gemstones are naturally flawed to some degree.
  • Very Lightly Included. Cannot be seen by the naked eye.
  • Moderately Included. Visible but not detrimental to the beauty of the stone
  • Heavily Included. Visible affects the stone’s appearance and may affect its durability.Ruby Cocktail Rings

Popular Throughout the Ages

The Georgian era favored garnets; Victorians loved bloodstone, pearls, agate, opals, carnelian, turquoise, and onyx during Queen Victoria’s mourning period for the loss of Prince Albert. During the Art Deco era, onyx, jade and lapis lazuli, emeralds, rubies and sapphires were hugely popular. The Retro era saw semi-precious stones come into their own. These included aquamarine, citrine, chalcedony and amethyst.

Celebrities’ Choice

Colored gemstones have undergone a massive resurgence in recent times. You can attribute it to Kate Middleton’s blue sapphire ring, Princess Eugenie’s padparascha sapphire ring or Meghan Markle’s aquamarine ring.

And what about JLo?

Ben Affleck just gave her a rare, 8.5 carat cushion cut green diamond engagement ring, said to be worth about $8 million. Green is Jlo’s lucky color, and it is the second rarest color for a diamond, red being the rarest. Only a few diamonds of this size and color come onto the market every year – and this one is exceptional in both regards.


Our Picks


Vintage Colored GemstonesDiamonds may have dominated the market for decades, especially for engagement rings, but colored gemstones are making a big comeback. Not seeing anything in particular that tickles your fancy?

Contact our Gem Team Today and we will find you that dream color which is 100% only you!

We invite you to check out our carefully curated collection of gemstone jewelry, and outstanding Cocktail Rings for yourself. We have pieces at all price points, many on sale right now at doverjewelry.com.

Dover Media

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